RK Eurofarm Pelister beat RK Vardar for the first trophy in season 2020/2021 Leave a Reply Cancel replyYour email address will not be published.Comment Name Email Website Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. GOG tight win over RK Eurofarm Pelister ShareTweetShareShareEmailCommentsRK Eurofarm Pelister have became a serious contender for the Championship title to RK Vardar in North Macedonia. The team from the city with a lot of passionate handball fans, Bitola, won the first friendly tournament by beating RK Vardar 26:23 at the final. RK Eurofarm Pelister president Zoran Sterjev talked for Balkan-Handball.com about handball project with him on helm which has the highest goals:I am very gčad that we will have strong rivals on high level. Both teams, RK Vardar and RK Metalurg made strong rosters, competitive for domestic competitions, but also European. We made the team for the highest goals. We won’t come to the clashes with “white flag”. Our ambitions are to win both trophies in Macedonia and to go as far as possible at European League and SEHA Gazprom league. We put the highest goals in front of the team. Our targets were the players between 2o and 30 years old. Idea was to have players which can play at least two and more years together. That is basic for success. Now we have 18 players in the roster in comparison with the last year 22. That was decision of the coach Babic. We have perspective. If we don’t win trophies in this season, we will do it in the next. We set our plans for the next five years. We want to get back handball in Bitola on the “golden way” in five years period – said Sterjev. Predsednik RK Eurofarm Pelister Dr Zoran Sterjev: Pet godina da se vratimo na staze „stare slave“ Click to comment Recommended for you Decision DAY at Men’s EHF European League 1/8 final ShareTweetShareShareEmail Related Items:RK Eurofarm Pelister, Zoran Sterjev
Torra also outlined a series of measures aimed at “building the republic,” such as drafting a Catalan constitution. But he appeared to outsource those legally problematic steps to ad hoc private institutions to be created by the separatists, a move that may spare his government further legal confrontation in the months ahead.Madrid’s watchingRajoy’s Cabinet on Saturday warned in a statement that it would remain “vigilant” of the new regional government’s agenda, adding that “any constitutional breach will be met with a response.”Speaking at a public event Saturday, the prime minister added that, while he didn’t like what he had heard, the Catalan leader should be judged by his actions, not his words. “Everyone can say whatever it finds opportune and convenient, but must comply with the law,” Rajoy said.Catalonia has been under direct control from Madrid since October, when the central government imposed direct rule after the regional chamber declared independence, following a vote on secession that Madrid and the courts deemed illegal.Rajoy is expected to lift central control as soon as the new Catalan Cabinet is formally in place, although liberal party Ciudadanos has called for continued intervention until the Catalan independence push is definitively put to rest.“We’re going toward further clash, conflict and confrontation,” Inés Arrimadas, the Catalan leader of pro-unity Ciudadanos, the single most voted-for party in the December ballot, warned in the chamber on Saturday. “We’ve witnessed a speech that looked impossible because it’s much more radical than those made by Puigdemont.” “The unilateral path [to secession] has failed. Let us not return to a path that we all know has enormous costs for everyone,” Miquel Iceta, the leader of the Catalan Socialists, told lawmakers in the chamber. His party previously issued a statement labeling Torra “one of the most sectarian” of the separatists.Critics have also taken issue with Torra’s writing. In particular, they point to derogatory comments he made about Spaniards and Catalans who say they feel Spanish as evidence the new leader is a “supremacist,” an “ultra-nationalist” or even a “Nazi.”Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy is expected to lift central control as soon as the new Catalan Cabinet is formally in place | Pierre-Philippe Marcou/AFP via Getty Images“It’s not natural at all to speak Spanish in Catalonia,” Torra wrote in an opinion piece in 2012. Spanish is more widely spoken than Catalan in the region, and Spanish speakers are overwhelmingly against secession. “Spaniards only know how to plunder,” he said in 2012 in a tweet he later deleted.Torra’s mandate will be marked by several ongoing judicial proceedings against Catalan leaders and activists charged with a range of offenses over their roles in the independence push. Spain’s Supreme Court has indicted two dozen separatists, including Puigdemont, with charges that threaten some with up to 30 years in prison.Seven of them, including the former leader, fled the country to avoid detention and are awaiting the decision of foreign courts over whether to send them back to Spain to face trial. Another nine have been jailed pending trial.The radical-left Popular Unity Candidacy (CUP) will be another source of trouble for the new leader. CUP, the smallest of the three secessionist parties, agreed on Sunday to facilitate Torra’s mandate with its four abstentions, but announced that it would join the ranks of the opposition, meaning it will be a struggle for the new Catalan Cabinet to get any legislation passed. Also On POLITICO Opinion The last thing Catalonia needs is more autonomy By Ignasi Ribó 7 takeaways from the election of a new Catalan leader By Diego Torres MADRID — Catalonia finally elected a new leader Monday, bringing to an end close to five months of political deadlock. But it’s unlikely he’ll get along any better with Madrid than the last one.The Catalan chamber backed Quim Torra, a lawyer and close ally of former President Carles Puigdemont, to become the new regional president with 66 votes in favor, 65 votes against and 4 abstentions.The election of 55-year-old Torra — most widely known in Catalonia for his work as an editor and writer — paves the way for a new regional government to be formed, ending a political limbo during which three previous candidates put forward by the separatists since the December regional election were blocked by the courts. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, who repeatedly called for the separatists to present a “clean” candidate, has finally got his wish: Torra, unlike the other candidates, is not in trouble with the Spanish legal system. But his profile, the circumstances under which he was elected and the tone he set as a candidate indicate he is unlikely to reduce tensions between Barcelona and Madrid — or within Catalan society itself, which is roughly split down the middle between those in favor and those against secession.Torra, a fiercely nationalistic politician who previously headed one of Catalonia’s biggest pro-independence grassroots organizations, was put forward by Puigdemont in a move widely seen as an attempt to continue to call the shots from abroad. (Puigdemont is currently in Berlin, waiting for a decision from a German court on whether he will be extradited to Spain.)“We will be loyal to the mandate of October 1: Build up an independent state in the form of a republic” — Quim TorraThe new leader doesn’t have much political clout of his own — he isn’t a member of any of the three main secessionist parties — and was elected as a lawmaker after joining Puigdemont’s electoral list Junts per Catalunya (Together for Catalonia) in the December ballot, where independence parties renewed their tight majority in the regional chamber.In a fiery investiture speech, Torra referred to Puigdemont as “our president,” labeled his own mandate as “provisionary” and wasted no time in resuming hostilities against Madrid.“We will be loyal to the mandate of October 1: build up an independent state in the form of a republic,” he said Monday, referring to the date of last year’s disputed referendum, on the basis of which regional leaders declared independence.
Terry Hands(Photos by Reg Wilson/RSC) View Comments Terry Hands, former artistic director of the Royal Shakespeare Company and founder of the Liverpool Everyman Theatre, died at the age of 79 on February 4. According to his management, Hands passed after a short illness.Hands, a three-time Tony-nominated director and lighting designer, joined the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1966, two years after founding the Liverpool Everyman Theatre, known for groundbreaking and politically charged work. He became joint artistic director of the Royal Shakespeare with Trevor Nunn in 1978 and took over as sole chief executive in 1986. In 1990, he left the Royal Shakespeare to resurrect Theatr Clwyd, serving as its director for 17 years and turning the small theater into one of Wales’ most successful companies.At the Royal Shakespeare, where Hands staged 21 Shakespeare properties in 25 productions, he proved a master of Shakespeare’s history plays, staging acclaimed productions of the Henry IV and Henry VI trilogies, Henry V, Richard II and Richard III. At Theatr Clawd, he took on the great tragedies, staging productions of Macbeth, Hamlet and King Lear that brought the company back from near closure.Eleven shows produced at the Royal Shakespeare transferred to Broadway during Terry Hands’ time as its artistic or co-artistic director. He made his Broadway debut in 1984 with a repertory production alternating between Much Ado About Nothing and Cyrano de Bergerac, but no Broadway transfer is remembered more—save, maybe, Carrie’s (1988) spectacular flop—than Les Misérables, which originated at the Royal Shakespeare Company in 1985, became a smash hit in London and transferred to Broadway in 1987. Les Misérables, which began as a pop opera recording called Revolution Francaise and metamorphosized into a Paris stage presentation from the French composers Alan Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg, was a risky acquisition for Hands and Nunn. Taking on a piece of classic French literature in operetta form was a challenge, and from France to London, the show changed completely, its English rewrite and unfamiliar audience necessitating a total restructure.Against odds, the show was an immediate success, and by the time it transferred to Broadway two years later, sixteen international companies were already in the works. Terry Hands rehearsing Coriolanus in 1977 at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre During his 25 years with Royal Shakespeare Company, Hands was party to a massive expansion of the classic English company. When he joined Trevor Nunn as co-director in 1978, the company was already riding a decade-long success, attracting actors like Helen Mirren, Ian McKellen and Judi Dench. Hands’ marathon stagings of Henry V, the entire Henry VI trilogy and Coriolanus in 1977 and 1978 continued that triumph, achieving a quantity and quality of Shakespeare unmatched by any other company in the world.And, while that expansion led to widespread concerns of financial failure by the time Hands ascended as the sole proprietor in 1987, the Royal Shakespeare Company had grown to a size and prominence rivaling that of the Royal National Theater. In his first year as the sole Artistic Director, Hands staged more than 40 productions in six theaters across London and Stratford-on-Avon, England.He is survived by his three children, daughter Mikaël and sons Sebastian and Rupert, and wife, director Emma Lucia.
Bernadette Peters View Comments Two theater royals are teaming up for a great cause! Bernadette Peters, who co-founded the starry annual adoption event Broadway Barks, is now helping to launch the first ever U.K. installment entitled West End Woofs. The virtual event will be co-hosted by Elaine Paige and feature a slew of beloved West End performers to be announced as well as adorable dogs and cats looking for their forever homes. The livestream will take place on Broadway.com on November 9 at 7PM GMT (2PM ET).The spotlight will be on pets from participating shelters, including Staffie & Stray Rescue, Forever Hounds and Leicester Animal Aid, to name a few. They are hoping to bring love and happiness, not only to the rescues, but to the loving families ready to welcome them home.“I’m thrilled to be co-hosting West End Woofs with my pal Bernadette,” Paige said in a statement. “I’m hoping it will become as popular and as successful as it’s been in the U.S. over the past 22 years. As we all continue to deal with this dreadful pandemic, we’re turning more and more to our four-legged friends for companionship. It would be fantastic if we can help as many dogs and cats in the shelters find a safe and secure home.”Peters founded Broadway Barks with her friend, the late Mary Tyler Moore in 1998. In its 22 years, it has become New York City’s premiere animal adoption event, featuring more than 2,000 cats and dogs. Approximately 85 percent of these animals have successfully found their forever homes at Broadway Barks. A regular staple in the Shubert Alley, this year marked the first time the event went online as a result of the coronavirus crisis. Produced with Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS and Broadway.com, Broadway Barks Across America featured appearances from stars like Alec Baldwin, Carol Burnett, Kristin Chenoweth, Sutton Foster, Joel Grey, Josh Groban, Jake Gyllenhaal, Hugh Jackman, Audra McDonald, Laurie Metcalf, Bette Midler, Lin-Manuel Miranda, Rita Moreno, Adrienne Warren and many more.Learn more about West End Woofs here. Star Files Elaine Paige Bernadette Peters & Elaine Paige(Photos: Emilio Madrid for Broadway.com & Tim P. Whitby/Getty Images)
A rendering of the proposed racks outside Papa Keno’s on 79th Street.Bicyclists stopping by downtown Overland Park will soon have many more places to hitch up. The city is in the process of getting 37 new racks to be distributed throughout the downtown area.Three racks would go outside the Matt Ross Community Center.“Downtown is a natural destination for bikes but there are really very few racks,” said Doug Johnson, of the city’s planning and development department.That will change with the acceptance of a proposal from BikeWalkKC that the city council approved Monday night.The bike racks come at no cost to the city. Instead, the $9,270 to install them will come through the Johnson County Department of Health and Environment’s LiveWell initiative, which provided the grant money. Maintenance will be done by the city parks department.Once the parks department approves the rack locations, the racks can be ordered. Johnson said they may be installed yet this fall.Here’s a map of the proposed spots for rack installation (click to enlarge):The racks will also be a branding exercise of sorts. They will come in two styles, each featuring a circle with an Overland Park-inspired design in the middle, Johnson said. The racks have spots for bicycles on each side, with a space for the bike lock to go through the circle. A “bike corral” design features a bicycle shape at each end with the circular racks in the middle.The 37 racks are just a start. The city also hopes to eventually install similar racks at the redesigned Santa Fe Commons Park and near such developments as The Vue and Edison District. However there is no funding in the pipeline yet for those.
TechStarter, a new CEDIA Expo program that gives first-time exhibitors a chance to pitch business models to residential market leaders, awarded five exhibitors TechStarter awards this past week in Denver at CEDIA Expo 2019.Artio Lifestyle Lighting, Caavo, Hero Labs, Konnected and SandTrap Audio were recognized as the TechStarter FIVE with Hero Labs as the overall winner.The “Shark Tank” style program identified each exhibitor from Innovation Alley as those with the most promise for a successful business model and having a vision for the future of their product or service. Tabatha O’Connor, CEO of CEDIA, Alex Capecelatro, CEO and founder of Josh.ai and Hagai Feiner, founder and CEO of Access Networks served as judges for the program.“CEDIA Expo aims to be a spring board for our new-to-industry brands exhibiting within Innovation Alley,” shared Brian Pagel, senior vice president, Emerald Expositions. “The TechStarter program will introduce the newest brands to the brightest minds within our industry and give them the platform to make their innovations successful.”Artio Lifestyle Lighting, a lighting system solution aimed at the landscape lighting vertical, hits the “ease of use” nail right on the hammer. With individual fixture control, integrations with Control4, Elan and URC, a dedicated mobile application and proprietary mesh wireless network, Artio uses lighting to create experiences inside and outside of the home.Here is a video that rAVe shot at CEDIA Expo 2019: Caavo exhibited its Control Center product at CEDIA Expo 2019, a four-port HDMI switch with built-in UI. The switch ships with Caavo’s custom over-the-signal UI, which allows for a seamless user experience with multiple sources. Control Center recognizes each signal whether it be an Apple TV, Roku device or (traditional) DVD player and powers a search across each platform. It is the first SONOS-connected-to-TV product and supports messaging between other Control Center devices.Here is a video that rAVe shot at CEDIA Expo 2019: Hero Labs, a company with the self-proclaimed goal of solving real-life problems with technology, debuted its Sonic leak management solution at CEDIA. The system utilizes a smart AI to recognize regular water consumption to then allow for successful recognition of leaks. The smart flow meter also boasts a shut-off valve and can operate either fully autonomously or semi-autonomously depending on the user’s preference. Signal, a sister product, connects to Sonic through RF protocol to allow for IoT control.Here is a video that rAVe shot at CEDIA Expo 2019: Konnected exhibited two “retrofit for a traditional alarm system” products, Alarm Panel Pro and Alarm Panel 2, that allow users to utilize the wiring and hardware of a traditional alarm system for IoT control. So, imagine those ancient motion sensors already installed in your late 90s/early 2000s home. Not only does Konnected allow you to monitor motion when you are not home (an intruder, for example) but it further allows you to tap into those signals to trigger lighting automation, for example, when you walk into a room.Here is a video that rAVe shot at CEDIA Expo 2019: SandTrap Audio attacked perky unwanted resonance with the release of their product: an analog speaker tuning system for in-wall and in-ceiling speakers. The product pairs with any in-wall, in-ceiling speaker on the market and flanks the exterior filled with sand to adjust the resonant frequency. Ed Avalos, the founder of SandTrap Audio, shared “it’s all about minimizing the compromise of your system, and that is exactly what we are doing here at SandTrap.”Here is a video that rAVe shot at CEDIA Expo 2019: All of rAVe’s LIVE coverage of CEDIA 2019 — rAVe [NOW] at CEDIA 2019 — can be found at rAVePubs.com/CEDIA2019.CEDIA Expo is here.
Tips for taking fishing photos Pat Ford gives advice for budding photographers in A Passion for Tarpon. • Use the right equipment. “Point-and-shoot models are easy to carry and use and they can produce spontaneous photos, but they have severe limitations. If you want to take good action photos, you really need a digital SLR camera.” • Shoot RAW. “Without getting too technical, the RAW format is like a film negative; it can be adjusted considerably on your computer. JPEG is like shooting a slide — you are pretty much limited to the quality of the photo as shot.” • Go dark. “You can always make a digital photo lighter, but you can’t make it darker if no pixels are recorded. Err on the dark side!” • Take more than you need. “The very best thing about digital photography is that it doesn’t cost a thing to shoot hundreds of pictures on a day’s trip. When you get home, download them into your computer and dump the bad ones.” • Practice makes perfect. “Birds are excellent subjects to practice on, and you can get some beautiful photos in the process.” August 15, 2010 Annie Butterworth Jones Associate Editor Regular News Aventura lawyer has a passion for fishing and photography PAT FORD’S photos of leaping fish, like this tarpon, grace the pages of a number of wildlife and fishing books and magazines.Aventura lawyer has a passion for fishing and photography Associate EditorPat Ford doesn’t spend much time in the confines of a law office anymore. Instead, his days are spent roaming Alaska for salmon and fly-fishing around the Seychelles Islands.It’s all in a day’s work for this semi-retired Aventura board certified civil trial attorney turned recreational photographer and fly-fisherman.Ford’s photographs — often published in a variety of wildlife and fishing magazines — now fill the pages of a new book, A Passion for Tarpon, written by Olympic downhill skier and tournament fisherman Andy Mill.The hardcover coffee-table book features a foreword by President George H.W. Bush and dozens of Ford’s photographs, taken from favorite fishing spots all over the world.The avid photographer is no stranger to the publishing business. Ford’s own book, The Best Fly-Fishing Trips Money Can Buy, was published in 2006. “Friends began to tell me, ‘Gee, you’ve been on enough trips; why don’t you put together a book so everyone can see them?’” said Ford. “So I got to work!”The book covers how to put together fishing trips to a variety of destinations. Ford offers his years of expertise as a recreational and tournament fisherman, ultimately acting as a travel guide for the book’s readers.“By the end of reading, you can recreate an entire trip without worrying about all the destination details,” said Ford, who has traveled extensively for various fishing and photography expeditions, including last year’s trip to the Seychelles. It’s an adventure he won’t soon forget.Ford and some friends planned the trip with FlyCastaway, a guide group based in Africa. On March 25, their ship dropped them at Farquhar, an island off of the Kenyan coast. Two days later, the boat’s sister ship delivered passengers to the same stop before heading back to Mali. Unfortunately, the ship’s route unexpectedly changed when it was caught by Somali pirates. The ship’s crew wasn’t heard from for months.“If our ship had left any later,” said Ford, “I might be calling you from a prison cell right now.”After his own success with The Best Fly-Fishing Trips — which included 338 of Ford’s own pictures — Ford began to compile more photographs for Tom Pero and Wild River Press to use in A Passion for Tarpon. “I truly enjoy taking photos, and I believe that they should be shared,” Ford writes on his website. “What good are photos if no one sees them?”The art of photography has long been a passion of Ford’s, first as an undergraduate sports photographer at the University of Notre Dame, then as a trial attorney for Ford & Dean in Aventura.“I probably used more photography in my practice than other trial lawyers use in their trial practices,” said Ford, laughing. “I’ve just always been big into pictures,” especially, he adds, since the advent of digital photography.Although Ford’s photography specialty is fly-fishing, he experiments with other subjects, including birds and other wildlife. His first love, though, is sports photography, dating back to his days as a sports photographer at Notre Dame. Despite his success with wildlife photography, Ford still has one dream he hasn’t been able to accomplish just yet.“I’d love to get myself down on the field for some football photography at a Dolphins game,” Ford said.As for his past life, the former civil litigation attorney still occasionally serves as of counsel for Ford & Dean, the practice he began in 1972.“Once a week I drop in the office to make sure it’s still there,” Ford said. “I go in every once in a while and give advice on cases, then let everyone else do all the work. We still meet and talk about tactics, but now they just let me know when it’s done.”Photography, Ford says, is his second career.“I went from making $500 an hour to making $5 an hour, but through the joy of practicing law, I discovered that money’s not important anymore. It’s the fun.” A Passion for Tarpon is available through Wild River Press at www.wildriverpress.com. Ford’s photography may be viewed and purchased from www.patfordphotos.com.
Blackwell, Self pick up Medal of Honor Awards THE FLORIDA BAR FOUNDATION presented its Medal of Honor Awards to Bruce B. Blackwell of Orlando for his long-time pro bono service to the profession and those in need of legal services and Kathleen “Katie” Self, executive director of the Teen Court of Sarasota, Inc., and a pioneer in the implementation of Teen Courts across Florida. The awards were presented at the Foundation’s annual dinner in conjunction with the Bar’s recent Annual Convention. Blackwell, a partner in King, Blackwell, Downs & Zehnder, is a past Foundation president and currently serves as a trustee of the Foundation’s endowment trust. He also is a past president of the Orange County Bar, past member of The Florida Bar Board of Governors, and current president of the Florida Supreme Court Historical Society. Blackwell’s nomination letter was signed by 42 leaders of the legal profession. Described in the nomination as a “workhorse for our profession who leads by example,” Blackwell has a reputation for taking on tough pro bono cases and often going well beyond providing legal help. After handling a pro bono landlord-tenant case, for example, Blackwell and his family decided to invite the family’s eldest daughter, a teenager named Sabrina Wiggins, to live with them while she finished high school and applied for college. Wiggins is now a veterinarian who credits much of her success to Blackwell and his family. Self began serving as the executive director of Florida’s first Teen Court in 1989 when it was still a fledgling project of the Junior League of Sarasota. Self essentially volunteered her services during the Teen Court of Sarasota’s start-up years. Since that time, she has overseen the program’s growth from 60 delinquency referrals that first year to a current caseload of 500 at-risk youth and more than 250 student volunteers annually. In its 22 years, the program has served about 7,800 at-risk youth using a widely emulated model of juvenile delinquency prevention and intervention in which student volunteers serve as peer mentors by participating as defense or prosecution counselors, clerks or bailiffs during a sentencing hearing supervised by volunteer adult judges and attorneys. Under Self’s leadership, Teen Court of Sarasota has grown from a program with an annual operating budget of $5,000 to a nonprofit organization with an operating budget of $300,000. July 15, 2011 Regular News
LinkedIn Email Share on Twitter As thousands of young adults prepare to leave the nest and attend college for the first time, parents may want to examine whether they are kind and supportive or hovering into helicopter parent territory.Parental involvement is crucial to a child’s development into an adult, but Florida State University researchers are finding that crossing the line between supportive and too involved could indirectly lead to issues such as depression and anxiety for young adults.“Helicopter parents are parents who are overly involved,” said FSU doctoral candidate Kayla Reed. “They mean everything with good intentions, but it often goes beyond supportive to intervening in the decisions of emerging adults.” Pinterest In the Journal of Child and Family Studies, Reed and Assistant Professor of Family and Child Sciences Mallory Lucier-Greer write that what has been called “helicopter parenting” can have a meaningful impact on how young adults see themselves and whether they can meet challenges or handle adverse situations.Though much attention has been paid to the notion of helicopter parenting, most of the studies have focused on adolescents. This study specifically looks at the emerging adults, or college-aged students who are navigating the waters of attending college.The paper will be published in an upcoming edition of the journal, but is available online now.Researchers surveyed more than 460 college students, ages 18 to 25, about how their mothers influenced their life decisions by asking the students how their mothers would respond to sample situations. They specifically looked at mothers because they are traditionally in the primary caregiver role.They also asked students to self-assess their abilities to persist in complicated tasks or adverse situations and then also rate their depression, life satisfaction, anxiety and physical health.Students who had mothers who allowed them more autonomy reported higher life satisfaction, physical health and self-efficacy. However, students with a so-called helicopter parent were more likely to report low levels of self-efficacy, or the ability to handle some tougher life tasks and decisions.In turn, those who reported low levels of self-efficacy also reported higher levels of anxiety and depression, and lower life satisfaction and physical health.“The way your parents interact with you has a lot to do with how you view yourself,” Lucier-Greer said. “If parents are simply being supportive, they are saying things like ‘you can manage your finances, you can pick out your classes.’ It changes if they are doing that all for you. I think there are good intentions behind those helicopter behaviors, but at the end of the day you need to foster your child’s development.”Sample scenarios given to students included questions about whether their mothers would encourage them to resolve a conflict with a roommate or friend on his or her own, or whether their mothers would actively intervene in the situation.Other sample questions probed whether mothers regularly asked students to text or call at given intervals and whether the mothers were controlling their diets.Researchers hope to continue this line of work in the future by expanding the work to look at both mothers and fathers and also young adults as they enter the workforce. Share on Facebook Share
Share on Facebook Pinterest Email Share on Twitter Researchers from the Higher School of Economics have shown how the level of perinatal testosterone, the sex hormone, impacts a person’s earnings in life.Prior research confirms that many skills and successes are linked to the widely known 2D:4D ratio, also knows as the digit ratio. This is the ratio of the index and ring fingers, and it is considered a reflection of the level of perinatal testosterone, the male hormone of the mother that acts on the development of the offspring during pregnancy.But research conducted by a team of scientists from HSE’s Centre for Institutional Studies (John Nye, Maria Yudkevich, Maxym Bruhanov, Ekaterina Kochergina, Ekaterina Orel, and Sergei Polyachenko) became the first study to use Russian data to show the link between the 2D:4D ratio and a person’s income. The study was published in the journal Economics and Human Biology. LinkedIn Share Regression analysis was carried out using the results of the 20th round of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE). The number of observations in the base regressions totalled nearly 700 for men and 900 for women, and the age of the subjects varied between 25 and 60. A 2D:4D ratio was made for each participant using a specialised apparatus. In addition, the respondents, whose identities remained anonymous, were asked a number of questions concerning income and salaries.The results of the regression analysis showed a negative correlation between the income and 2D:4D ratios of women. In other words, the higher the salary, the lower the ratio. The effect was negative even when taking into account salary predictors such as gender, age, education level, job position, and the position’s economic sector. What is interesting is that this quantitative association is seen in men as well, though only after taking into account respondents’ level of education. This peculiarity, the authors note, is the subject of future research on broader, more multidisciplinary topics such as the connection between 2D:4D and academic success, as well as associations between education level and 2D:4D.Researchers are carefully studying income variation. In particular, they are analysing income predictors such as intellectual capabilities and psychological factors, as well as a person’s biological characteristics, notes one of the study’s authors, Maria Yudkevich. This is why 2D:4D research is truly a multidisciplinary topic.How the Digit Ratio is CalculatedThere are several ways to figure out the 2D:4D ratio. The above-mentioned research uses an electronic caliper. Respondents were asked to place their hands on a flat surface, palms facing upwards, and straighten out their fingers. A researcher then measured the length of the index and ring fingers on both hands (the paper notes that this measurement should be taken from the centre of the fold between the finger and palm up to the very tip of the finger so that the upper lip of the caliper does not press against the finger). Lastly, the interviewer recorded the results.Another method for taking the measurement is more hands-on, but offers practically the same level of reliability. Respondents’ palms are scanned and then the fingers measured using a photograph. The main advantage to this method is that secondary measurements can easily be taken. But when a large number of research subjects are participating, it can be quite expensive to equip each researcher with the special scanner.