BOSTON – After failing year after year, a bill that lengthens jail sentences for people who attack health-care workers has been signed into law.“This is such a great thing,” said Sheila Wilson, a registered nurse from Quincy who watched Gov. Deval Patrick sign the bill Friday. “People are finally taking health-care violence seriously.” The measure, approved by the House and Senate earlier this year, establishes 90 days as the minimum term of imprisonment and allows sentences of up to 2½ years for assaulting front-line health-care workers. Also allowed are fines of up to $5,000.The bill repeatedly stalled on Beacon Hill over the years.According to a 2007 report from Norfolk County District Attorney William Keating’s office, nurses and other personal-care workers are assaulted 12 times more often than people in other professions.“This law gives us the tools to further protect the many health-care professionals who work tirelessly to ensure the care of all commonwealth residents,” Patrick said in a statement.Wilson, a nurse at Caritas Carney Hospital in Dorchester, began pushing for passage of the bill following a spate of attacks in Carney’s emergency room in 2008.“I’ve been punched, spit on, urinated on,” Wilson told The Patriot Ledger at the time.The Massachusetts Nurses Association and the Service Employees International Union were among those pushing for the bill’s passage.The heightened sentencing guidelines had been in place for assaults on emergency medical technicians, but the bill extends the law to include registered nurses, physical and occupational therapists and others.Although the bill mandates a minimum sentence of 90 days or a fine of $500, judges still have the option of suspending sentences.
View Comments A pair of new musicals based on beloved films drew solid numbers and filled houses in their first performances on Broadway this past week. In just two previews apiece, Tootsie took in a gross of $354,746.00, filling the Marquis Theatre to 98.28% capacity, while Beetlejuice brought in $332,008.36, filling the Winter Garden Theatre to 100.00% capacity. Meanwhile, Aaron Sorkin’s celebrated stage adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird made Broadway history, taking in the highest weekly gross ever for an American play, at $1,718,214.84. The acclaimed play, starring Tony nominee Jeff Daniels in the iconic role of Atticus Finch, packed the Shubert Theatre to 101.42% capacity.Here’s a look at who was on top—and who was not—for the week ending March 31.FRONTRUNNERS (By Gross)1. Hamilton ($3,237,554.00)2. The Lion King ($2,158,754.00)3. Wicked ($1,925,972.00)4. Harry Potter and the Cursed Child ($1,825,771.50)5. To Kill a Mockingbird ($1,718,214.84)UNDERDOGS (By Gross)5. Hillary and Clinton ($434,349.50)4. Gary: A Sequel to Titus Andronicus ($433,909.00)3. Tootsie ($354,746.00)*2. Beetlejuice ($332,008.36)*1. What the Constitution Means to Me ($276,611.48)**FRONTRUNNERS (By Capacity)1. The Book of Mormon (102.94%)2. Come From Away (102.02%)3. Hamilton (101.78%)4. Dear Evan Hansen (101.51%)5. Oklahoma! (101.43%)UNDERDOGS (By Capacity)5. Pretty Woman (81.28%)4. The Cher Show (78.00%)3. Beautiful: The Carole King Musical (77.61%)2. King Kong (75.73%)1. The Ferryman (74.08%)*Number based on two performances**Number based on seven performancesSource: The Broadway League
Vermont Business Magazine Vermont tax revenue collections for the month of May 2017 were ahead of targets and the year-to-date numbers have nearly caught up with one month left in the fiscal year. The Corporate tax more than made up for another weak showing from the state’s two largest General Fund revenue sources: the Personal Income and Sales taxes. General Fund revenues collected for the month of May totaled $85.10 million, $2.62 million ahead of the consensus revenue targets adopted by the Emergency Board on January 19, 2017, according to Secretary of Administration Susanne Young. That better-than-expected performance was driven by $3.57 million in above-target revenues in the Corporate Income Tax, along with modest gains in the Meals and Rooms, Insurance, Estate and Property Transfer taxes.These gains were slightly offset by an underperformance in the Personal Income Tax of -$1.81 as well as modest misses in the Sales and Use and Other taxes. May marks the 11th month of FY2017. Through these first 11 months, total receipts for the General Fund are – $0.93 million below projections, $1,322.85 million versus a target of $1,323.78 million.Fiscal year 2017 ends on June 30.Young said in a statement released with the results, “We are pleased to see the month of May exceed projections by $2.62 million, this puts us within $0.93 million of being on target through the first 11 months of the year. However, year-to-date results indicate it is not likely the General Fund will generate an above target surplus in fiscal year 2017 that could be used to off-set up to $16 million in extraordinary Corporate Tax refunds that now appear poised for pay out in fiscal year 2018. This is not a new development, but now seems more certain with only 20 days remaining in fiscal year 2017.”The Transportation Fund collected $24.39 million for the month of May, -$0.30 million below its $24.69 million target. This under performance was driven primarily by a down in the Motor Vehicle Fees. Year to date, receipts in the Transportation Fund are $240.58 million versus a target of $243.85.The Education Fund collected $15.65 million for the month of May, $0.38 million above its $15.27 million target. Compared to revenues collected at this point in State fiscal year 2016, there is an increase of 3.05%, or +$39.10 million in the General Fund, a 2.16%, or $5.08 million increase in the Transportation Fund, and a 0.62%, or $1.07 million decrease in the Education Fund. vermontbiz.com VBMSource: Secretary Young. 6.12.2017
Datapath just launched the 1×4 IQS4 4K resolution video wall applications. When paired with Datapath’s Image4K graphics cards, the IQS4 offers an entry-level solution for powering video walls of up to 96 screens.Mounting flexibility means the IQS4 can be used for any application. VESA mounting is supported for direct mounting behind displays. Where the IQS4s are hosted with the video wall controller, various rack mount options are available depending on the number of IQS4s required. Plus, there is the standalone option for placing on desks, workstations or shelving.Datapath’s IQS4 will be available in Q4. Here are the details.
Kuenster’s struggles continued. She finished in a tie for 66th, shooting a 24-over par (78-77-85—240). She rebounded in the third round on Tuesday, shooting a 4-over par 76 to finish in 70th place at 27-over par (80-87-76–243). The Gophers’ other four golfers struggled in their first two rounds, as sophomore Emie Peronnin and freshman Celia Kuenster finished in a tie for 35th at 11-over par for second on the team. “We’ve got some work to do,” head coach Michele Redman said. “No one is happy with the way they played.” “She is just a sophomore, but she is on the verge of being very consistent,” Redman said. “It’s a long season, and she’s only a freshman,” Redman said. “She’s not going to play well all the time, but she just needs to go through the process.” But competition at the Silverado Showdown in Napa, Calif., proved to be too much as the Gophers finished in 13th, shooting 67-over par (310-312-309—931). Oregon took the crown with a team total 25-over par. Minnesota takes 13th in California Brad BobelApril 15, 2015Jump to CommentsShare on FacebookShare on TwitterShare via EmailPrintWith the Big Ten Championships on the horizon, Minnesota tried to build up momentum Tuesday as the team ends its regular season and heads into the postseason. After the first two rounds on Monday, the Gophers were in 12th place with senior Carmen Laguna in a tie for 10th. The next day, she shot two rounds of 2-over par to lead Minnesota. And when the final round finished, she shot a 9-over par (74-74-77—225) to put her in a tie for 20th. After leading the Gophers in the last two tournaments, senior Anna Laorr finished the tournament’s first day at 23-over par. Close behind Laguna was Peronnin, posting a 13-over par (78-77-74—229) that tied her for 32nd. Peronnin shot the team’s lowest score Tuesday — 2-over par — after shooting 5-over and 6-over par rounds the day before. Senior Sarinee Thitiratanakorn finished 32nd as an individual competitor in the previous tournament she played, which was the team’s second best. But at the Silverado Showdwon, she competed in the team portion, finishing at 33-over par (83-84-82–249) and tying for 73rd place.
Bloomberg Businessweek:Most of the time, when you hire people you don’t want to specify exactly what they are to do and how much they would get paid—you don’t want to say if you do X you will get this much, and if you do Y you will get that much. That type of contract is what we call a complete contract. Creating one is basically impossible, especially with higher-level jobs. If you try to do it, you cause “crowding out.” People focus on everything you’ve included and exclude everything else. What’s left out of the contract tends to drop out of their motivation as well. You are taking away from their judgment and goodwill and teaching them to be like rats in a maze. It’s like the difference between asking someone to help you change a tire and offering them $5 to do it. The moment you introduce money, you change how the person views the exchange. They say, “Oh, this is work. I don’t work for $5. Give me $150 and we can talk.” When I was at MIT, they told us we had to teach 112 points per year. They had a complex formula for how many students and how many hours and so on would translate into teaching points. Basically, MIT was conditioning me to put the least effort into getting the most points. This became the game. I was quite good at it. And I taught very little.Read the full story: Bloomberg Businessweek More of our Members in the Media >
Harvard Business Review:Trying to do two things at once is usually a recipe for doing both badly, according to a long line of research. We’re slower and less accurate when we try to juggle two things. Experts came to believe that there wasn’t much that could be done about this, so most of the advice in HBR has been to avoid multitasking as much as possible.But if giving up multitasking isn’t an option, a new study published in in Psychological Science offers some hope: your ability to multitask may depend on whether you were trained to do the two tasks separately or simultaneously.The first thing to know about multitasking is that the word is a misnomer. You’re not really doing two things at once so much as rapidly switching back and forth between them. That switching process is mentally taxing — your brain has to recall the instructions for how to do one task, then put them aside and recall the instructions for how to do the other, then repeat the whole thing again — and so the result is poor performance on both.Read the whole story: Harvard Business Review
Pinterest Share A complicated series of statistical analyses showed that rumination is indeed associated with all three included measures of psychopathology (depressive symptoms, eating dysfunction and diagnosis), and that the relationship is not dependent upon self-reflection. Correlations between twins demonstrated that all of these associations had a significant genetic component, though none were so complete as to exclude environmental factors. The most significant genetic influence was evident between rumination and depression, with the eating pathology association moderately impacted by genetics and the rumination-substance dependence link appearing to be mostly environmental in origin.The results of this study have several important implications. Primarily, they present examples of how the transdiagnostic approach can be used to effectively identify and examine relationships between psychopathologies and variables in ways that would not be possible using the traditional diagnostic method.“Our results support the conceptualization of rumination as a pattern of repetitive, self-directed thought that is a unique and specific risk factor for several forms of pathology,” Johnson and colleagues wrote in their study.Rumination was shown to have a significant association with several characteristics from across a range of psychopathologies. By including a genetic aspect to the analysis, the researchers were also able to demonstrate that the ratio of contributions to these associations by genetic and environmental factors can differ depending on the exact variables being measured (such as across diagnosis types).“As the first behavior genetic study to examine rumination as a transdiagnostic correlate of psychopathology, this study provides a strong foundation for exploring new avenues of research that could guide prevention and treatment efforts in individuals suffering from comorbid psychiatric disorders,” the researchers concluded. Traditional diagnostic approaches to psychopathologies, like those found in the DSMs, have focused on differences between disorders and resulted in an excessive number of therapies that are applicable to just a tiny percentage of the population. Transdiagnostic strategies on the other hand, take the opposite approach by emphasizing the similarities between groups to develop treatments that are useful to a wider range of people with mental health afflictions.A 2016 study published in Clinical Psychological Science utilized transdiagnostic theory to reveal that rumination, the act of obsessing on negative experiences, is correlated with a host of psychological conditions.The experiment, conducted by Daniel Johnson and colleagues, collected data from 744 participants (365 pairs of twins plus some singletons without their twin) using a self-reported survey. Twin study designs like this one have the advantage of providing a way to measure genetic influence. The surveys were designed to obtain values for rumination, self-reflection, depressive symptoms, eating pathology and psychiatric diagnoses. Self-reflection was included to control for its association with rumination. Depressive symptoms and eating pathology measurements were not based on official clinical diagnostic guidelines and did not require an existing diagnosis to be considered applicable. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Email LinkedIn
Share Share on Facebook Pinterest LinkedIn Email The researchers developed their own startle management procedure and tested its effectiveness using a group of 24 airline pilots.“The procedure we tested was based on the ‘COOL’ mnemonic: Calm down – take a deep breath, relax your shoulders and become aware of your control inputs, Observe – scan the important flight parameters without focusing on the problem yet, Outline – now focus on the problem: what doesn’t make sense, or what do you think is going on?, Lead – make a plan and take action.”The pilots first practiced takeoffs, landings, and other maneuvers in a full-motion flight simulator to familiarize themselves with the model of aircraft used for the study. (A Piper PA-34 Seneca III.) They then received a 10-minute briefing about the startle effect, and half of them (the experimental group) also received instructions and practice regarding the COOL procedure.After the briefing, the pilots returned to the simulator to complete more training sessions. Some of these sessions included startling events, such as bird strike that resulted in a false stall warning or a sudden shift in the aircraft’s center of gravity. In the video below, a pilot in the study responds to an unexpected flap malfunction prior to landing.About 89% of pilots in the the experimental group reported using the COOL procedure during startling scenarios, and most found it helpful. “We found that pilots generally liked the procedure, especially the Calm down and Observe steps. But more importantly, we found that they made better decisions when using it,” Landman told PsyPost.For example, those who used the COOL procedure after experiencing a flap malfunction were less likely to inappropriately set the flaps even lower as they prepared to land.However, pilots who used the COOL procedure had worse flight performance on average compared to those who did not. The “immediate responses were significantly less optimal” in the experimental group, the researchers said. Some pilots jumped to the Observe step of the procedure before recovering full control of the aircraft.“The experiment also showed that the ‘COOL’ procedure can be improved in certain ways. For instance, high stress and/or eagerness resulted in some pilots executing the procedure too quickly after a problem occurred. They were focusing too much on executing the procedure steps instead of dealing with more pressing issues at hand. Such misdirected prioritizing under stress is a known problem that happens sometimes in real emergencies as well,” Landman explained.“We also found that the procedure, although it seems very simple, was experienced by some pilots as too complex and distracting. When stressed, we naturally avoid those things that are complex and unfamiliar. So, a procedure like this should really be as simple as possible and it should be trained until it is a natural response.”The study, “The Effectiveness of a Mnemonic-Type Startle and Surprise Management Procedure for Pilots“, was authored by Annemarie Landman, Sophie H. van Middelaar, Eric L. Groen, M. M. (René) van Paassen, Adelbert W. Bronkhorst, and Max Mulder.(Image by Free-Photos from Pixabay) A mnemonic-like procedure could help pilots overcome startle and surprise, according to new research published in The International Journal of Aerospace Psychology. The study suggests that such a procedure can improve decision-making in the wake of an unexpected event.“It is becoming more and more clear that the ‘startle effect’ can be a huge problem for pilots when they respond to an emergency. Modern pilot training is focusing therefore on how to psychologically deal with startle,” explained study author Annemarie Landman (@hm_landman), researcher at TNO in The Netherlands and the Delft University of Technology.“One way to do this is by using a decision-making aid or procedure, which pilots can memorize by means of a mnemonic. This can help pilots to realize which steps to take when they feel ‘paralyzed’ by startle. Several of such decision-making procedures are already being used by airline companies, but we found that none of these involved a step to specifically deal with startle and its disorienting effects.” Share on Twitter
European health group releases ‘roadmap’ to address antibiotic resistanceThe European Public Health Alliance’s Stakeholder Network on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) has released a roadmap outlining the path European leaders should take in their efforts to fight drug-resistant infections.Emphasizing the need for a multidisciplinary, “One Health” approach, the roadmap calls for European Union (EU) member states and institutions to pursue five strategies against AMR:Set targets and performance indicators for progress in reducing antibiotic use and antibiotic-resistance in human and veterinary medicineHelp countries mobilize resources for better implementation of national AMR policiesClose the collaboration gap between civil society and EU policy makersFocus EU policy-making on infection control and prevention and antibiotic stewardship programsTackle the environmental dimension of AMR in the framework of the European green dealThe strategies are aimed at what the Stakeholder Network on AMR sees as some of the current gaps in the EU’s response to rising antibiotic resistance. To date, according to the group, the European Commission has not set any targets or performance indicators for antibiotic use, several EU countries have no national action plan in place, and civil society groups have not been formally brought into the policy-making process.”For Europe to become a global leader and best practice region on AMR the EU must demonstrate ambition, leadership and policy coherence between all AMR-related areas, ensuring that political and policy priorities are translated into action and have a lasting impact,” the roadmap signatories write.Nov 18 AMR Stakeholder Network roadmap EU regulators approve new rapid diagnostic test for clinical useEuropean regulators today granted CE-mark certification for the T2 Resistance Panel, a rapid diagnostic test that can detect antibiotic resistance genes associated with sepsis-causing pathogens from whole-blood samples.Developed by T2 Biosystems of Lexington, Massachusetts, with support from CARB-X (the Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria Biopharmaceutical Accelerator), the T2 Resistance Panel can detect 13 of the most serious antibiotic-resistance genes identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, directly from blood and within 3 to 5 hours. It’s the first diagnostic test that can detect all of these resistance markers from blood samples, and the first to graduate from the CARB-X portfolio.”This represents a huge step forward for patients, and a critical milestone for CARB-X,” Kevin Outterson, JD, executive director of CARB-X, said in a CARB-X press release. “Rapid diagnosis of drug-resistant infections is essential to improve appropriate treatment for patients, and to save lives.”The CE-mark indicates conformity with the health, safety, and environmental protection standards that govern products sold within European Economic Activity countries, and is legally required to place a medical device on the market in Europe. The certification means that the test can now be used on patients in Europe.The T2 Resistance Panel was granted Breakthrough Device designation by the US Food and Drug Administration earlier this year, but is not yet available for clinical use in US hospitals.Nov 20 CARB-X press release Paper calls for short-term, long-term strategies on antibiotic developmentA new paper in The Lancet Infectious Diseases calls for a two-pronged strategy to address the weakness of the antibiotic research and development (R&D) pipeline.In their assessment of current efforts to stimulate antibiotic R&D, researchers from the United Kingdom note that a combination of push incentives from public-private partnerships like CARB-X and the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP) and pull incentives, such as the antibiotic subscription model recently announced by the UK National Health Service, are currently keeping the antibiotic pipeline from completely running dry.But just barely, they argue. Even with these efforts, a combination of high development costs, low public investment, and low profit margin for new antibiotics is causing many pharmaceutical companies to abandon the market. And companies that do produce new antibiotics are facing financial difficulties.In the short term, the authors of the paper argue, this model needs to be maintained, because the pharmaceutical industry is still the best equipped to undertake antibiotic innovation. Therefore, strengthening current push and pull incentives and creating new ones, like market-entry rewards, is the best course of action for the immediate future. But because the long-term viability of the for-profit antibiotic development model is unclear and antibiotics are a global resource that needs to be distributed equitably, the authors propose the creation of an international, publicly funded, non-profit antibiotic R&D institute to transform how new antibiotics are discovered and developed.”The formation of such an institute would create a permanent, integrated, open, and transparent home for the two key resources produced during pharmaceutical R&D: knowledge and skill,” the authors write. “Novel antibiotics would be a public commodity that could be developed according to a prioritisation process determined by greatest need rather than greatest profit, and disseminated according to a principle of what could be termed shared burden.” The authors suggest the institute could be financed through a variety of mechanisms, including government funding, taxation, antibiotic usage fees, insurance payments, and contributions from the pharmaceutical industry. Nov 18 Lancet Infect Dis paper FAO manual helps guide prudent antibiotic use for pigs, poultryYesterday the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (abbreviated SLU) launched a manual on the prudent use of antibiotics in pigs and poultry targeted especially to farmers, pharmacists, and veterinarians in non-EU Eastern European and Balkan countries, the Caucasus, and central Asia.”The manual is about how to reduce the use of antibiotics in livestock through disease prevention. We have focused on poultry and pig breeding since it is where most antibiotics are used globally,” Ulf Magnusson, DVM, PhD, SLU professor and lead author of the manual, said in an SLU news release. SLU experts wrote the manual with a working group of international experts, including additional Swedish scientists. Sweden is a world leader in keeping food animals healthy while using minimal antibiotics, according to the release.The manual covers the prevention of infectious diseases without antibiotics, how to use the drugs prudently and effectively, and practical recommendations on combining prudent use with preventive measures for good productivity. Non-drug measures to prevent disease include good animal husbandry and welfare, effective external and internal farm biosecurity, and appropriate vaccine use.The authors detail how to phase out the use of antibiotics for growth promotion, avoid the use of highest-priority antibiotics that are critical for human medicine, use antibiotics only after a veterinarian has diagnosed a disease, strive for individual treatment of animals, and dispose of unused antibiotics, among other stewardship steps.The authors write, “The recommendations are highly relevant for those who have larger, more commercial and professional production systems. However, the principles for disease prevention and use of antibiotics may be applied by all categories of farmers.” The FAO also notes that, although the manual focuses on a specific geographical region, its principles may be applied elsewhere, as well.Nov 19 FAO/SLU report Nov 19 SLU news release